International Network for Genetic Evaluation of Rice
The International Network for Genetic Evaluation of Rice or INGER is a global model for the exchange, evaluation, release, and use of genetic resources under the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA), which uses the Standard Material Transfer Agreement to facilitate access and benefit sharing.
Established in 1975, INGER is a consortium of national agricultural research and extension systems (NARES) of rice-growing countries and international agricultural research centers (IARCs) such as the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), the Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice), and the Centro International de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT). Founded as the International Rice Testing Program or IRTP, the network is considered by NARES as an integral component of their breeding programs. In reviews conducted on INGER, the consortium earned distinctive marks. For example, it is credited for the release of 667 varieties in 62 countries, resulting in economic benefits estimated at US$1.4 to $1.6 billion (Evenson and Gollin 1997, Brady 2004), and as being a "beautiful illustration of humanity working together for a common future" (Castillo 1998).